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Article Dans Une Revue Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering Année : 2019

An Electrooculography based Human Machine Interface for wheelchair control


This paper presents a novel single channel Electrooculography (EOG) based efficient Human–Machine Interface (HMI) for helping the individuals suffering from severe paralysis or motor degenerative diseases to regain mobility. In this study, we propose a robust system that generates control command using only one type of asynchronous eye activity (voluntary eye blink) to navigate the wheelchair without a need of graphical user interface. This work demonstrates a simple but robust and effective multi-level threshold strategy to generate control commands from multiple features associated with the single, double and triple voluntary eye blinks to control predefined actions (forward, right turn, left turn and stop). Experimental trials were carried out on the able-bodied and disabled subjects to validate the universal applicability of the algorithms. It achieved an average command detection and execution accuracy of 93.89% with information transfer rate (ITR) of 62.64 (bits/min) that shows the robust, sensitive and responsive features of the presented interface. In comparison with the established state of art similar HMI systems, our system achieved a better trade-off between higher accuracy and better ITR and while maintaining better performance in all qualitative and quantitative criteria. The results confirm that the proposed system offers a user-friendly, cost-effective and reliable alternative to the existing EOG-based HMI.
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Dates et versions

hal-02406980 , version 1 (12-12-2019)



Ajit Choudhari, Prasanna Porwal, Venkatesh Jonnalagedda, Fabrice Meriaudeau. An Electrooculography based Human Machine Interface for wheelchair control. Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, 2019, 39 (3), pp.673-685. ⟨10.1016/j.bbe.2019.04.002⟩. ⟨hal-02406980⟩
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