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Article Dans Une Revue Geophysical Journal International Année : 2023

Machine learning prediction of groundwater heights from passive seismic wavefield

Résumé

Most of water reservoirs are underground and therefore challenging to monitor. This is particularly the case of karst aquifers which knowledge is mostly based on sparse spatial and temporal observations. In this study, we propose a new approach, based on a supervised machine learning algorithm, the Random Forests, and continuous seismic noise records, that allows the prediction of the underground river water height. The study site is a karst aquifer in the Jura Mountains (France). An underground river is accessible through an artificial shaft and is instrumented by a hydrological probe. The seismic noise generated by the river is recorded by two broadband seismometers, located underground (20 m depth) and at the surface. The algorithm succeeds in predicting water height thanks to signal energy features. Even weak river-induced noise such as recorded at the surface can be detected and used by the algorithm. Its efficiency, expressed by the Nash–Sutcliffe criterion, is above 95 per cent and 53 per cent for data from the underground and surface seismic stations, respectively.

Domaines

Hydrologie
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Dates et versions

hal-04100453 , version 1 (21-08-2023)

Identifiants

Citer

Anthony Abi Nader, J. Albaric, M. Steinmann, C. Hibert, J-P Malet, et al.. Machine learning prediction of groundwater heights from passive seismic wavefield. Geophysical Journal International, 2023, 234 (3), pp.1807-1818. ⟨10.1093/gji/ggad160⟩. ⟨hal-04100453⟩
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