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Article Dans Une Revue Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie Année : 2016

Eye and cat scratch disease: A case series

Œil et maladie des griffes du chat : à propos de 7 cas


Introduction. - Cat scratch disease is a pleiomorphic condition, sometimes with isolated ophthalmic involvement. We report the clinical observations of seven cases with ophthalmologic manifestations of cat scratch disease. Observations. - There were seven patients, with a median age of 52 years, of whom five were women and three had unilateral involvement. Six exhibited Leber's stellate neuroretinitis, an incomplete syndrome in two cases, and one associated with chorioretinal foci. One patient had isolated retinal infiltrates. The diagnosis of cat scratch disease was confirmed by Bartonella henselae serology, positive in all cases. All patients received treatment with doxycycline. Ocular complications (with optic atrophy and macular retinal pigment epithelial changes) were noted in five cases. Discussion. - Ocular bartonellosis is an atypical clinical form. It requires a directed ancillary work-up with serology or PCR, which has the peculiarity of being highly specific if not very sensitive. Treatment is above all preventive. Antibiotics may be initiated. Conclusion. - Cat scratch disease must be excluded in the work-up of posterior uveitis. (C) 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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hal-01395219 , version 1 (10-11-2016)


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C. Deschasse, P. Bielefeld, A. Muselier, J.B. Bour, J.F. Besancenot, et al.. Eye and cat scratch disease: A case series. Journal Français d'Ophtalmologie, 2016, 39 (2), pp.164 - 170. ⟨10.1016/j.jfo.2015.06.010⟩. ⟨hal-01395219⟩
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