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Article Dans Une Revue Science Translational Medicine Année : 2016

Deglycosylated bleomycin has the antitumor activity of bleomycin without pulmonary toxicity

Résumé

Bleomycin (BLM) is a potent anticancer drug used to treat different malignancies, mainly lymphomas, germ cell tumors, and melanomas. Unfortunately, BLM has major, dose-dependent, pulmonary toxicity that affects 20% of treated individuals. The most severe form of BLM-induced pulmonary toxicity is lung fibrosis. Deglyco-BLM is a molecule derived from BLM in which the sugar residue D-mannosyl-L-glucose disaccharide has been deleted. The objective of this study was to assess the anticancer activity and lung toxicity of deglyco-BLM. We compared the antitumor activity and pulmonary toxicity of intraperitoneally administrated deglyco-BLM and BLM in three rodent models. Pulmonary toxicity was examined in depth after intratracheal administration of both chemotherapeutic agents. The effect of both drugs was further studied in epithelial alveolar cells in vitro. We demonstrated in rodent cancer models, including a human Hodgkin's lymphoma xenograft and a syngeneic melanoma model, that intraperitoneal deglyco-BLM is as effective as BLM in inducing tumor regression. Whereas the antitumor effect of BLM was accompanied by a loss of body weight and the development of pulmonary toxicity, deglyco-BLM did not affect body weight and did not engender lung injury. Both molecules induced lung epithelial cell apoptosis after intratracheal administration, but deglyco-BLM lost the ability to induce caspase-1 activation and the production of ROS (reactive oxygen species), transforming growth factor-beta 1, and other profibrotic and inflammatory cytokines in the lungs of mice and in vitro. Deglyco-BLM should be considered for clinical testing as a less toxic alternative to BLM in cancer therapy.
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Dates et versions

hal-01435309 , version 1 (13-01-2017)

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Citer

O. Burgy, G. Wettstein, P. Bellaye, N. Decologne, C. Racoeur, et al.. Deglycosylated bleomycin has the antitumor activity of bleomycin without pulmonary toxicity. Science Translational Medicine, 2016, 8 (326), pp.326ra20 - 326ra20. ⟨10.1126/scitranslmed.aad7785⟩. ⟨hal-01435309⟩
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